Parrot OS is a great Linux distribution that is mainly used for penetration testers and other security researchers. The graphical interfaces and backgrounds are stunning, that is, if you like parrots!
Yes, Parrot OS can be hacked. Just like any other Linux system. Even if you follow the security best practices, it’s not always enough. Cyber criminals are very smart and there are ways into every system.
What Are Some Ways Parrot OS Can Be Hacked?
Here are some common ways an attacker can break into a users’ Parrot system. It’s important to know what you are at risk for and what you can do to protect yourself.
Here are some common ways your Parrot OS can be hacked:
- Remote code execution: An attacker can exploit a vulnerability in a network service running on the Linux machine to execute arbitrary code.
- Password cracking: An attacker can use a brute-force or dictionary attack to guess a user’s password and gain access to the system.
- Social engineering: An attacker can trick a user into providing their login credentials or installing malware.
- Malware: A Linux machine can be infected with malware through malicious email attachments, infected USB drives, or by visiting a compromised website.
- Phishing: An attacker can trick a user into giving away sensitive information via email or messaging.
- Outdated software: A Linux machine that is running an outdated version of the operating system or applications may have known vulnerabilities that can be exploited by an attacker.
- Insufficient security controls: A Linux machine that is not properly configured and maintained may be vulnerable to attacks.
- Man-in-the-middle attack: An attacker can intercept and modify network traffic, potentially stealing login credentials or other sensitive information.
It is important to keep your Linux machine updated, use strong passwords and employ other security measures to protect against these types of attacks. You may be asking yourself, “am I safe if I run a web server on my Parrot OS”? The answer is no, not completely.
What Attacks Are Apache, Nginx, And HTTP Servers Vulnerable To?
Just like with any other Linux distribution, Parrot OS can be used to host HTTP, Apache, and Nginx servers. There are several common attacks that you could be vulnerable to. Here are some examples:
- Remote code execution: A vulnerability in the server software or one of its modules can be exploited by an attacker to execute arbitrary code on the server.
- SQL injection: A vulnerability in a web application that is running on the server can be exploited by an attacker to inject malicious SQL code and retrieve sensitive data from the database.
- File inclusion vulnerabilities: An attacker can exploit a vulnerability in a web application that is running on the server, and include a file from a remote server, potentially allowing the attacker to execute code on the server.
- DDoS attacks: The server can be targeted by a distributed denial of service attack, which can overwhelm the server and make it unavailable to legitimate users.
- Cross-site scripting (XSS) : An attacker can inject malicious scripts into a website, which will then be executed by the browser of any user who visits the compromised page.
- Clickjacking: An attacker can use transparent or opaque layers to trick a user into clicking on a button or link on another page when they were intending to click on the the top level page.
- CSRF: An attacker can trick a user into performing an action on a website without their knowledge.
It’s important to keep the server software up to date, as well as any web applications that are running on the server, and to configure the server securely to reduce the risk of these types of attacks.
It is important to take appropriate security measures to secure your data, identity, and networks. Next we will discuss the things you can do to protect yourself!
How I Keep My Parrot OS Secure?
Here are some great security barriers you can employ to keep your Parrot machine safe.
- Keep your system up to date: Parrot OS is based on Debian, so you can use the package manager (apt) to keep your system and installed software up to date.
- Use a firewall: Parrot OS comes with a firewall (ufw) pre-installed. You can use it to control incoming and outgoing network traffic and protect your system from unauthorized access.
- Use strong passwords: Use strong and unique passwords for your system and for any accounts you have on the system. Avoid using common words, phrases or personal information.
- Encrypt your data: Use encryption tools, like dm-crypt, to protect sensitive data stored on your system, and consider encrypting your entire hard drive.
- Be cautious of email attachments, links and suspicious website: Do not open any email attachments, links or visit any website that you suspect to be malicious.
- Use Antivirus: Parrot OS has ClamAV, an open-source antivirus software, pre-installed. You can use it to scan your system for malware and keep it secure.
- Keep an eye on your system logs: Regularly review the system logs to look for any suspicious activity or attempted breaches.
- Use a VPN: A Virtual Private Network (VPN) encrypts your internet connection and can protect your data when using public Wi-Fi.
- Limit user privileges: Use the principle of least privilege to limit the access and permissions of users and applications on your system.
Following these steps can help to make your Parrot OS more secure. It’s important to stay informed about new threats and vulnerabilities and to be vigilant about maintaining the security of your system.
Remember that security starts with you. Keep yourself informed and educated on current threats, software updates, and targeted industries. This will keep you sharp and can help you respond quickly to incidents.